Indonesia, a land of sought-after commodities across the globe. Throughout the year, Indonesian green coffee beans are famous for its top-notch quality and unique flavor profiles. Each Indonesian region produces its specialty coffee bean varieties, with different unique tasting notes and aroma profiles from chocolatey to earthy. No wonder why Indonesian green coffee beans are highly prized among coffee enthusiasts, from coffee suppliers to coffee aficionados.
The talk of Indonesian green coffee beans would be inert without recognition for regions that continuously produce world-class green coffee beans in the global market. Here are Indonesian regions that cultivated the most popular coffee bean varieties.
GREEN COFFEE BEANS FROM Sumatra Island
Sumatra is a coffee paradise for coffee lovers. This island is a primary source of green coffee beans, from Mandheling Sumatra Arabica coffee, Gayo Sumatra, and Lintong Sumatra. Although these coffee types originated from the same island, the taste reveals unique differences when it brews.
MANDHELING SUMATRA ARABICA GREEN COFFEE BEANS
Mandheling Sumatra Arabica coffee is characterized by its smooth, full-bodied coffee, with a medium acidity level. If we’re talking about the taste of Mandheling Sumatra Arabica green coffee beans, the best term to describe is syrupy. A chocolatey taste combined with a hint of Indonesian spices, turns Mandheling Sumatra Arabica coffee beans to have an earthy-sweet flavor note. On the flip side, the aroma profile of Mandheling Sumatra Arabica coffee reminds of tropical notes. A perfect combination of flora, fruity, and Indonesian spices.
Most of the time, Mandheling Sumatra Arabica green coffee beans are roasted in the specialty coffee roastery. After the roasting process, Mandheling Sumatra Arabica roasted coffee beans are turned into specialty ready-to-drink coffee products in retail stores, coffee shops, beverage industries, and restaurants.
LINTONG SUMATRA green COFFEE BEANS
Grown in the southwest area of Lake Toba in the Lintong Nihuta district, Lintong Sumatra coffee beans are characterized by sweet flavor notes and medium-bodied coffee with a moderate acidity level. On the other hand, the characteristics are different for high-quality Lintong Sumatra coffee beans. It can be classified as high-quality when it possesses a milder acidity level (ranging from low to medium) and lighter texture (like ours). Lintong Sumatra coffee beans resemble dark chocolate in flavor notes, with a complex earthy hint that recalls the taste of sage, cedar, tobacco, and Indonesian spices.
Thanks to the unique flavor of Lintong Sumatra green coffee beans, the demand for this coffee variety increases in beverage industries and other related industries like specialty coffee roastery. In the coffee roastery, Lintong Sumatra green coffee beans are roasted at the preferred roasting level (most of the time, it’s a medium-dark level). After the roasting process, Lintong Sumatra roasted coffee beans are distributed to coffee shops, retail stores, and beverage industries for further processing as specialty ready-to-drink coffee products.
ATJEH GAYO GREEN COFFEE BEANS
Last but not least, Aceh Gayo coffee. Like its name, Aceh Gayo green coffee beans grow in the Gayo highlands at an altitude of 1.300-1.600 meters above sea level. Aceh Gayo coffee beans taste just like the caramel-fruity flavor. In contrast with the tasting note, Aceh Gayo coffee beans possess a bittersweet-spicy aroma profile. It’s a full-bodied coffee with a light acidity level and smooth aftertaste. An interesting fact about Aceh Gayo coffee is that it’s the coffee bean type behind Kopi Luwak coffee. The Asian palm civets’ digestive system allows these mild-acidity coffee beans to alter into decaffeinated coffee!
Aceh Gayo is one of the Indonesian specialty coffee varieties. Based on this reason, Aceh Gayo green coffee beans demand mostly comes from specialty coffee roasteries, while the roasted ones are mostly distributed to coffee shops, restaurants, and beverage industries as specialty coffee products.
GREEN COFFEE BEANS FROM Java Island
The next finest Indonesian green coffee beans come from Java Island. Today, over 90% of Indonesian green coffee beans production from this island comes from smallholder farms. There are 2 primary types of green coffee beans from this island, Ijen mountain Arabica coffee and Java Estate Robusta.
IJEN MOUNTAIN ARABICA GREEN COFFEE BEANS (JAVA BLUE MOUNTAIN)
Ijen mountain Arabica green coffee beans grow in the fertile volcanic soil of the Ijen plateau (Bondowoso regency) at an altitude of 1.400 meters above sea level. It’s a full-bodied coffee bean that is low in acidity. The taste reveals a complex blend of nutty, chocolatey, and a hint of Indonesian spices.
When talking about Ijen Mountain Arabica green coffee beans, this coffee bean type will be roasted first (preferably medium-dark or dark roast levels) before being distributed to other industries. Beverage manufacturers, coffee shops, and restaurants will turn roasted coffee beans into specialty coffee products.
JAVA ESTATE ROBUSTA GREEN COFFEE BEANS
Java estate Robusta coffee beans is a full-bodied coffee with a downright syrupy flavor note and subdued acidity. It possesses complex tasting notes and aroma profile. In the first sip, the taste will be initialized by chocolatey notes, followed by a subtle hint of licorice (such a unique combination!).
After being roasted, Java Estate Robusta coffee beans are mostly utilized in commercial coffee production. Whether it’s commercial bottled coffee, canned coffee, or instant coffee, beverage manufacturers oftentimes choose Java Estate Robusta green coffee beans for their commercial beverage products.
INDONESIAN GREEN COFFEE BEANS & green COFFEE SUPPLIER
Indonesian Arabica coffee beans are highly prized as specialty coffee varieties by coffee snobs. Today, it is not even challenging to find Indonesian Arabica specialty coffee displayed on the menu of top coffee shops in the United States. Gayo Sumatra, Lintong Sumatra, Java estate Robusta, Mandheling Sumatra Arabica, and Ijen Mountain Arabica/Java Blue Mountain green coffee beans are some to mention.
In recent years, Indonesian coffee suppliers like Wallacea Coffee have also improved their Robusta coffee plantations. It is not rare to find Robusta coffee varieties grown in medium-to-high altitudes. Based on this reason, Robusta green coffee beans turned from inferior-quality coffee to premium commercial-grade coffee.
Get the opportunity to independently import Indonesian green coffee beans with a sustainable supply chain from a reliable coffee supplier like us. Visit our BYOC (Build Your Own Container) system or reach us at [email protected] for a direct-trade service when buying green coffee beans.